Ambient (General) lighting :
Ambient lighting is intended to light up a room in its entirety. It provides a uniform level of illumination throughout the space independently of other lighting sources. Moreover, its purpose is to ensure safe and easy traffic, as well as to create an overview of the room. The ambient light ‘bounces’ off the walls to illuminate as much space as possible.
In residential homes these are usually the LED downlights which feature throughout the majority of your home.
Task lighting: As the name suggests, task lights are used to assist you in completing a particular function. Task lighting illuminates the tasks a person carries out in a given space such as reading, cooking, computer work. A brighter light is required in a smaller focal point of the room for these sorts of tasks.
Feature (Accent) lighting :
Accent lighting is used mainly to focus on a specific point of interest or to achieve a desired effect. It is more frequently used to centre a room or highlight an architectural feature, a sculpture, or a piece of wall art. Picture lights, wall-mounted-fixtures or track lighting are common, and dimmers are often used on these features to provide mood lighting.